“Jai jawan jai kisan” the famous Indian quote depicts the vital role of farmers and military in keeping us safe and hunger-free. Both are very essential for our country without whom we would fear for our lives every second along with starvation.
A single morsel of food on our plate is equal to 6 months of hard work done by the farmer. But we are ignorant of the fact that the one who is feeding us with delicacies is starving without food. Farmers struggle every day to in the harsh conditions to bless us with food but they themselves are not blessed with proper food. Though they work hard and put in their best efforts to make the crop profitable, they still are not getting their desired result.
Indian government has to take necessary measures for providing proper financial support through various schemes as the previously introduced schemes did not prove to be sufficient.
There are a few schemes for financial support of farmers but they are not meeting the needs of the farmers and they have been cultivating the land with the money that they are borrowing from moneylenders. Even after a successful crop farmers fail to pay off their debts due to lack of profit on their crop.
A proper irrigation system should be developed in agricultural areas as Farmers suffer through improper irrigation facilities in India. The main factor for crop growth is irrigation. In India only about 40% of the agriculture land is irrigated and most of the farmers depend on rain for crop growth.
When it comes to cultivable land, India stands in the second place. Even with this advantage farmers face low productivity problems due to soil erosions, water clogging, lack of proper irrigation lack of electrification and many other issues. Due to the practice of chemical farming, the quality of soil has been degrading over the years.
Organic farming could prove to be a solution to this problem. Organic farming could increase soil fertility, increase water holding capacity, increase soil porosity and many other benefits could serve when practised, and that would be helpful for solving the above problems.
Farmers in India are lacking a proper argil- plan which adversely affects the production. Lack of knowledge on what crops to grow at which particular time is the main drawback. With this only one crop per year is being produced. A perfect argil-plan could result in a better productivity and the issue of non-profit could be reduced to great extent.
Market prices are also one of the main reasons behind the failure of Indian agriculture. Though government has introduced schemes whereby a standard price is provided for a certain crop, no one abides by it and hence the farmers sell their crops for a lower price that drive the farmers towards losses.
Improper electricity is also one of the major issues that the farmers are facing today. Electricity is much needed for irrigation purposes in agricultural fields where a large field is waters through pumps and tube wells. But due to lack of electricity irrigation purposes are not served which may many times result in the drying of crop that leads to failure in crop production and losses.
Among the major issues of agriculture failure in India, stands lack of storage facilities for crop produced. The crop produced has no proper storage which results in crop damage as the crop gets in contact with water or other factors that ruin the crop. Betterment of Storage facilities could help the farmers to a major extent whereby the produced crop would not be damaged and it could yield a descent amount of profit.
The seed quality used is also a major concern. The defective quality results in bad quality crop yielding that in turn pushes the poor farmers into poverty and losses. There are many more issues that the farmers face that are yet to be resolved.
If the above listed issues are resolved, then all the major issues would be resolved with minor issues remaining that could easily be solved.